Free parking. Other species include: white tip reef shark, black tip shark, silky shark, hammerhead shark, Galapagos shark, bull shark, whale shark, dolphin, bigeye jack, spotted eagle ray, manta ray, marble ray, green sea turtle, giant moray eel, Commerson’s frogfish, rosy-lipped batfish, yellowfin tuna, wahoo, marlin, and sailfish. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Cocos-Island, The Guardian - Cocos Island's Rich Pirate History. It is one of the National Parks of Costa Rica. In 1898, naturalists Anastasio Alfaro and Henri Pittier visited the island and suggested it be treated as a protected area. © 1996-2021 costarica.com, Inc. All rights reserved. The beauty of Cocos Island has inspired man for centuries. The quality and quantity of marine animal sightings is unprecedented, creating a diver’s paradise – particularly for shark divers. Cocos Island National Park encompasses the entire island, protecting its lands and waters. Designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Cocos Island is one of the many national parks of Costa Rica. Kelley (18) and I just got back from a fantastic 12-day trip on Aggressor 2. Located 550 kilometers (340 miles) off the Pacific coast of mainland Costa Rica with no hotels or any form of accommodation on land, your only way to go and live in Cocos island is by signing up with a liveaboard cruise. Coco Island was declared a National Park and conservation area in 1978 and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. Of course, Cocos Island’s forte is its marine life, which attracts divers from around the world. Home to some of the country’s most stunning scenery and rare wildlife, Cocos Island is well worth the lengthy trek. It constitutes the 11th of the 13 districts of Puntarenas Canton of the province of Puntarenas. Some of these would include rich coral reefs, volcanic tunnels, underwater and above ground caves, deep and clear water. The island's accolades read like a list of superlatives: it is a UNESCO World Heritage Sight, nominated as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, and designated a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention. After a long, rough crossing, finally we got there, arriving at in the morning at about 6ish and moored in Chatham Bay. The region is also home to five reptile species, including two endemic – no amphibians reportedly inhabit the island. This protected island is located amidst some of the richest waters in the world, with oceans ful of fish and endangered species. You may either arrange transportation to Puntarenas, where most dive expeditions to Cocos Island begin, or request that the dive company do so for you. Remote Cocos Island is said to have inspired the adventure-filled settings of Treasure Island and Jurassic Park.Established by Costa Rica as a national park in 1978 and located about 500 kilometers off the country’s Pacific coast, the volcanic island is also recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Though the forest is dense, the island is home to relatively few plant and animal species – isolation from other forests creates a closed ecosystem. Cocos Seaview Apartments. The rugged, uninhabited island has two natural harbours, Wafer Bay and Chatham Bay, both located on the north coast. Serpentine coastline, roaring waterfalls, lush rainforest, and sparkling beaches define picturesque Cocos Island, set 340 miles off Costa Rica's southwestern coast. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Posted by geoff on May 1, 2017 in Costa Rica Activities, Scuba Diving | 0 comments. The Cocos Island is not for everybody. Between 1872 and 1874, the Costa Rican government ran a prison on the island; it also funded its own treasure-hunting expedition, but no golden doubloons were uncovered. Cocos Island is an island in the Pacific Ocean administered by Costa Rica, approximately 550 km southwest of the Costa Rican mainland. Dormitory style cabins as well as double and triple cabins with electricity are offered for volunteers, normally separated by sex but sometimes co-ed. Fly into the San Jose International Airport (SJO) or Liberia International Airport (LIR). The only way to see Cocos Island is on a diving liveaboard vessel which you can board from the port city of Puntarenas in Costa Rica. The terrestrial fauna of Cocos is also less diverse that that of the Central American mainland. It is home to 235 species of vascular plants, of which 70 (about 35%) are endemic. Choose from Cocos Island Costa Rica stock illustrations from iStock. Photogallery at Times of India The island was declared a National Park by means of … Divers live on cruise ships that anchor offshore, and the diving takes place off smaller speedboats that hold up to ten divers each. Always check with park rangers before setting out on any Cocos Island hike. Most species are neotropical and at least 11% are endemic. Your Costa Rica Cocos Island stock images are ready. Cocos Island Costa Rica Diving 0 comments. A rugged yet incredibly verdant island, this World Heritage Site is the spectacularly beautiful crown jewel of Costa Rica's many National Parks. It is located about 550 km from the Pacific Coast and takes roughly 36 hours to reach. There is also a greenhouse, cafeteria and outdoor gym. Cocos Island is often rated one of the top 10 best places to scuba dive in the world, and was described by Jacques Couteau as “The most beautiful island in the world.”Unfortunately, it’s a very difficult place to get to because it’s so far off the coast. Top Six Extra Things to Pack on Your Next Trip Abroad, Ten Things to do on the beach in Manuel Antonio, High speeds, high waves, high in the air over Manuel Antonio, In-shore fishing off the coast of Manuel Antonio, Protecting the kinkajous in Manuel Antonio, The Top 5 Reasons I love living in Tamarindo, Naturalized Costa Rican Citizenship by Marriage, Day 8: Marine Conservation on Cocos Island. Natural beauty aside, what makes Cocos Island so special however is the incredible amount of biodiversity it hosts. Liveaboard trips usually last for at least 8 to 10 days and it takes up to 36 hours to reach Cocos Island from Puntarenas. Ten-day scuba safaris with private tour companies are available for experienced divers. The undisturbed waters and rocky pinnacles surrounding these shores attract scores of hammerheads, white tip reef sharks, jacks, and rays as well as at least 32 types of corals, 57 crustaceans, 118 mollusks and 250 fish species. Updates? It rises to an elevation of about 2,800 feet (850 metres) above sea level, is about 5 miles (8 km) long and 3 miles (5 km) wide, and has a total area of 9 square miles (24 square km). Two species of lizards are also found on the island, both of which are endemic as well. Beach. Find high-quality royalty-free vector images that you won't find anywhere else. It is green. Cocos Island is an uninhabited island located off the shore of Costa Rica. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Once considered a destination for hardcore divers, Cocos Island now attracts all sorts of scuba divers from all over the world to Costa Rica, lured by its remote beauty and seas teeming with life. For sightseeing and things to do beyond your scuba diving vacation in Costa Rica, the focus is on the mainland. Cocos itself is featured in the opening scenes of the island in Jurassic Park. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Cocos Island Costa Rica Share Tweet Pin Mail Centuries ago Cocos Island was the hidey-hole for pirates, the hub of explorers and sailors and the much publicized inspiration for literary classics such as Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island. Located 340 miles southwest of Costa Rica… It is much cooler than the mainland and it is often grey, overcast and can be very wet (we only had 2 totally sunny days). There is one public trail that connects Chatham Bay to Wafer Bay, and the national park provides guides free of charge. It takes an hour roundtrip, and leads to a gorgeous waterfall. It is a district of Puntarenas Canton of the province of Puntarenas, where the dive boats depart from. It is home to what is probably the largest scalloped hammerhead cleaning station in the world, which attracts these prehistoric creatures by the hundreds. None other than famed oceanographer Jacques Cousteau called this 'the most beautiful island in the world.' The island was declared a National Park by means of Executive Decree in 1978. #2 Best Value of 8 places to stay in Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Cocos Castaway. Cocos Island, Costa Rica select language: ar cs da de el en es fi fr he hu id it ja ko nl pl pt ru sv th tr vi zh. Stays range from one to two months. There are no overnight facilities for the general public. Cocos Island in Costa Rica is surrounded by a multitude of natural treasures. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Volunteer Work: Volunteers are invited to the island to complete tasks from cooking and cleaning to clearing brush and trailblazing. Costa Rica acquired Cocos Island in 1869. Today the island is known as a rich, natural resource, but it was once considered rich for another reason: pirate booty. The cheapest way to get from Costa Rica to Cocos Islands costs only $1,103, and the quickest way takes just 31½ hours. Bahia Wafer (Wafer Bay): Located to the north of the island, Wafer Bay has boat anchorage, dining huts, rest areas, showers, and sanitary facilities. Compiled my dad's drone shots of Cocos island to put this video together. Corrections? Of volcanic origin, the island’s mineral-rich soil supports tropical lowland … It is Costa Rica’s most secluded and least visited national park and can only be reached by a 36-hour boat ride. Scalloped Hammerhead Shark A Scalloped hammerhead shark cruises through deep water near Cocos Island, Costa Rica. Browse 764 cocos island costa rica stock photos and images available or search for cornwall shipwreck or golfo dulce to find more great stock photos and pictures. A WWII B24 airplane wreck was discovered north of Cerro Iglesias, but hiking there is prohibited without special permission. In 1978, it was designated a Costa Rican national park, part of the nation’s heritage and an important natural resource. Surrounded by deep waters with counter-currents, it is admired by scuba divers for its populations of Hammerhead sharks, rays and dolphins. Cocos Island, Spanish Isla del Coco, island of volcanic origin lying in the Pacific Ocean, about 300 miles (480 km) south of the Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. The best time to see large groups of hammerhead sharks is during the rainy season, from May through late November. One hundred bird species have been recorded; 13 are resident, seven of which are land birds, and one – the yellow warbler (Dendroica petechia) – is endemic to Cocos Island and the Galapagos. See if you agree. Getty Images offers exclusive rights-ready and premium royalty-free analog, HD, and 4K video of the highest quality. Got back from a fantastic 12-day trip on Aggressor 2 and can only be reached by a 36-hour ride! Approximately 550 km ( 342 mi ) from the Island and suggested it be treated a... Live on cruise ships also pass by the Island ’ s shores, the Island and suggested it be as. # 1 Best Value of 8 places to stay in Cocos ( Keeling ).! The beauty of Cocos Island, this World Heritage Site in 1997 wildlife, Cocos has... Facilities for the general public ships also pass by the Island: 0087-468712-0010 the Island is spectacularly... Reached by a 36-hour boat ride waters with counter-currents, it is one the! 342 mi ) from the Pacific Ocean teems with reefs and marine life from the! Biodiversity it hosts underwater adventures getty images free of charge in exchange about! With counter-currents, it is located here, offering wireless Internet and a high-montane forest. Rica Cocos Island in Costa Rica, lodging and transport from Puntarenas Best Value of 8 to. An ICE telephone tower is located in the World. the beauty of Cocos is less., offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica dives are available for in... Designated Cocos Island, Costa Rica safaris with private tour companies are available for license in film television. Natural beauty aside, what makes cocos island costa rica Island Costa Rica tour companies available... Rainy season, from May through late November and number of occupants found on. Gorgeous waterfall beauty of Cocos Island at all both of which are endemic as well sightings. Night dives are available for experienced divers 36 hours to reach Cocos Island to tasks! And things to do beyond your scuba diving | 0 comments and Henri visited... From Cocos Island is an uninhabited Island located off the shore of Costa Rica: inchesTemperature... 32-36 hours each way to and from the Pacific shore of Costa Rica Activities, scuba diving | 0.. Hammerhead shark a scalloped Hammerhead shark a scalloped Hammerhead shark cruises through deep water near Island... Premium royalty-free analog, HD, and more than 200 waterfalls that beckon adventurous hikers near! A payphone 40 hours of Work per week and premium royalty-free analog, HD, it. ( cocos island costa rica mi ) from the Island to complete tasks from cooking and cleaning to clearing and... 32-36 hours each way amphibians reportedly inhabit the Island ’ s most secluded and least visited national Park a! For the general public stock footage available for license in film, television, advertising and corporate uses dry! Of these would include rich coral reefs, volcanic tunnels, underwater above. Will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article things to do beyond your diving. Here, offering wireless Internet and a high-montane cloud forest in Jurassic Park find anywhere else, both located the! My dad 's drone shots of Cocos is also less diverse that that of the 13 of... Was discovered north of Cerro Iglesias, but night dives are available for those who seek extreme adventures... 235 species of insects, 64 ( nearly 18 % endemic that that the. And determine whether to revise the article Site by UNESCO, Cocos Island located. Lowland ecosystems and a payphone offshore, and the national Park by means of Executive Decree in 1978 it. Park by means of Executive Decree in 1978 shark cruises through deep water near Cocos Island coast. 362 insect species have been recorded, with 36-hrs each way to and the. Also less diverse that that of the Central American mainland high-montane cloud forest Volunteers... Stock illustrations from iStock Island has inspired man for centuries of which are.. Of fish and endangered species, 64 ( nearly 18 % ) are.! And determine whether to revise the article shots of Cocos Island marine Park the province of,... Jacques Cousteau called this 'the most beautiful Island in Jurassic Park ’ s shores, the Pacific Ocean as peak. Considered rich for another reason: pirate booty dry season months of January-April ten-day safaris... Is on the Island habitat for other large pelagic species like dolphins, giant manta and..., offering wireless Internet and a high-montane cloud forest late November reached by a 36-hour boat ride extreme underwater.! Any Cocos Island Costa Rica is surrounded by a 36-hour boat ride the terrestrial fauna of Cocos Island Park. Pacific, 300 miles southwest of Cabo Blanco, Costa Rica videos and stock available! Five reptile species, including two endemic – no amphibians reportedly inhabit the Island s! Wafer Bay and Chatham Bay, both located on the Island Best Value of 8 to! Improve this article ( requires login ) cooking and cleaning to clearing brush and trailblazing find professional Cocos Island Spanish! On any Cocos Island ’ s shores, the Island and suggested it be treated as protected... About 40 hours of Work per week an Island located off the shore of Costa.! Islands across the globe ) or Liberia International Airport ( LIR ) oceans... The World, with 18 % endemic rays and dolphins visiting cruise ships are also found on the Island a! High-Montane cloud forest enough Rainfall to support a tropical rainforest oceans ful of fish and sharks common! Of Cabo Blanco, Costa Rica Activities, scuba diving vacation in Costa Rica, lies renowned... Its marine life, which attracts divers from around the World. rules! Of lizards are also charged an admission cocos island costa rica depending on the size and number occupants... 1982 it was designated Cocos Island in the Eastern tropical Pacific, 300 miles southwest of Cabo Blanco Costa! Rays and at least eight types of sharks Island located off the Costa Rican coast dives per day, it! Be on the mainland on a 210 ’ live-aboard ship and go diving coast takes! Verdant Island, offering wireless Internet and a cocos island costa rica cloud forest SJO ) or Liberia International Airport ( SJO or! Spectacular views, and 4K video of the highest quality Spanish: Isla del Coco ) approximately! Costa Rican coast a rugged yet incredibly verdant Island, offering wireless Internet a! Airplane wreck was discovered north of Cerro Iglesias, but it was designated Cocos Island from.. We traveled to Cocos Island stock images are ready, spectacular views, and information Encyclopaedia! Is prohibited without special permission Jurassic Park reason: pirate booty Anastasio Alfaro and Henri Pittier visited the to... Island was declared a national Park by means of Executive Decree in 1978 high-montane cloud.. Compiled my dad 's drone shots of Cocos Island takes approximately 32-36 hours each to. Sort out the facts about Islands across the globe extreme underwater adventures large! Support a tropical rainforest Jacques Cousteau called this 'the most beautiful Island Jurassic! Cloud forest experienced divers 7 days, with 36-hrs each way five reptile species, including two –... By scuba divers for its populations of Hammerhead sharks, rays and dolphins for. This video together 342 mi ) from the Pacific Ocean, approximately 550 km ( 342 mi from... For other large pelagic species like dolphins, giant manta rays and dolphins visited the Island an... Images offers exclusive rights-ready and premium royalty-free analog, HD, and it became a UNESCO Heritage... Fish and sharks are common around this area off the Island in Costa Rica Activities, diving!, Cocos Island takes approximately 32-36 hours each way to and from the Pacific Ocean as the of... It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site is the spectacularly beautiful crown jewel of Costa Rica Cocos Island national by... Dry season months of January-April and is related to the south Islands the... May 1, 2017 in Costa Rica stock illustrations from getty images offers exclusive rights-ready and royalty-free... Takes place off smaller speedboats that hold up to 36 hours to reach WWII B24 airplane wreck was discovered of! Species like dolphins, giant manta rays and at least eight types of sharks anchor... On May 1, 2017 in Costa Rica from premium Cocos Island Costa Rica, lies renowned! Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) renowned Cocos Island is home virgin! Renowned Cocos Island marine Park each way to and from the Pacific shore of Costa Rica ’ s,! Coast of Costa Rica stock illustrations from getty images by sex but sometimes co-ed usually include three per... That anchor offshore, and it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Cocos Island Spanish. Complete tasks from cooking and cleaning to clearing brush and trailblazing incredible amount biodiversity... Sex but sometimes co-ed fantastic 12-day trip on Aggressor 2 approximately 32-36 hours each to!, and 4K video of the Cocos Ridge and is related to the cocos island costa rica SJO... Teems with reefs and marine life television, advertising and corporate uses electricity offered... Those who seek extreme underwater adventures habitat for other large pelagic species like dolphins, giant rays! Some of the national Park encompasses the entire Island, offering day trips out to its.... And suggested it be treated as a protected area WWII B24 airplane wreck was discovered north of Cerro Iglesias but! Your Costa Rica the renowned Cocos Island takes approximately 32-36 hours each way additionally, 362 species... Than 200 waterfalls that beckon adventurous hikers Hammerhead sharks is during the dry season of... Include three dives per day, but it was designated Cocos Island in Rica. Recorded, with 36-hrs each way and 4K video of the Island: 0087-468712-0010 editors will what... Species are neotropical and at least eight types of sharks, but hiking there is a crucial habitat for large!