In the family, the father has the most say, with the eldest son next in line. Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism To understand China’s current government you need to look at its influences. significant cultural and intellectual expansion in China, a time when philosophers and schools flourished, Mohism, Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism each wanted to make a claim as to how Chinese civilizations should run. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) recently asked federal agencies to disconnect their SolarWinds server systems, since they might have been hacked. Literary works include The Analects, the Mencius, and the Xunzi. Some Daoists actually moved into the woods to become closer with nature. Legalism Legalism, the belief that people were evil by nature and needed to be controlled, was very different from both Confucianism and Daoism. The overriding authority of the state and strict enforcement of the law are two of the fundamental elements of Legalism. Vinegar Tasters is a common subject in traditional Chinese religious painting. There was a strict punishment-reward system. While Confucianism constitutes the bedrock of Chinese culture, Daoism, Buddhism, and Legalism also contributed to its development. Legalism was the approach that actually ended all the fighting, but at a heavy price: books were burned, and all free thinking was stopped. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism were 3 philosophies. Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. Okay, so maybe that's not exactly how Confucious put it, but it's close enough. The difference between the two is in their philosophies about life. Legalism’s view of economics is to reward agriculture, but restrain commerce. Unlike the other two beliefs, Legalism was a political philosophy without any religious concerns. Confucius believed in equal access to education, which would allow each person in the country to become moral and upright. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. There was a strict punishment-reward system. This held that humans are inherently bad and need to be kept in line by a strong state. The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. When you look at these three systems, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, one of them stands out the most. Confucius taught the importance of four virtues: sincerity, benevolence, filial piety and propriety. It espouses the principles of etiquette, humaneness, and righteousness, and upholds loyalty, forgiveness, and the doctrine of the mean. Like Daoism, Legalism did not have one founder but several people who shared similar ideas of which Han Feizi and Shangzi are well known. Legalism would be the fastest and most effective system to restore stability to a nation. In ancient China, many different rulers tried to unify and rule the country using a variety of methods such as confucianism, legalism, and daoism. hlemma. Similarities Confucianism and Daoism both had religious concerns Confucianism and Legalism both thought that the father should be the head of the family. They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. It stresses the importance of ruling the country by law, regardless of one’s relationship or position. They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. While Confucianism tried to gain total harmony with social order and Daoism searched for the same result in nature, Legalists believed … Its political doctrines include governing the country with strict and cruel laws autocratically. Confucius shaped philosophy in ancient China, but his philosophies weren't the only ones. Almost all crimes had similar, harsh punishments. This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy’s origin, and will … When you look at these three systems, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism, one of them stands out the most. Confucianism Influence Very practical effect on government for the Han Dynasty. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) Legalism. Fascinating stuff. The three philosophies out there were Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Mencius, and Han Fei implemented two prestige philosophies Confucianism and Legalism. Each theory has its own set of rules of how people should act both in public and privately. Generally speaking, whereas Daoism embraces nature and what is natural and spontaneous in human experience, even to the point of dismissing much of China’s advanced culture, learning, and morality, Confucianism regards human social institutions—including the family, the school, the community, and the state—as essential to human flourishing and moral excellence, because they are the only realm in … We also have a special talent for China stories — read About Us to find out why. Eventually, the people of Ancient China revolted and Legalism ended. The Tao, which translates as the Way, Path, or Principle, serves as the cornerstone of the Tao Te Ching, which explains the nature, origin, component, and evolution of everything in the universe. This held that humans are inherently bad and need to be kept in line by a strong state. We keep a close eye on China because of its influence now and the lessons we can learn from its ancient past to better our lives today. 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